Why Does My GPU Keep Crashing? 11 Effective Solutions

In the world of computers, the GPU is like a magician that makes pictures and games look amazing on our screens. It’s really important because without it, things wouldn’t look so cool on our computers.

But sometimes, there’s a big problem: Why does my GPU keep crashing? It’s super annoying because when you’re in the middle of doing something fun or important, suddenly everything stops or disappears from the screen. It’s like a roadblock that messes up what you’re doing.

This problem is frustrating because it keeps happening when we least expect it. It’s like a surprise that we really don’t want! So, let’s figure out why this keeps happening and find ways to stop it from ruining our computer time.

Common causes of GPU crashes


Overheating stands tall among the primary causes of GPU crashes. When a GPU gets too hot, it becomes unstable, causing the system to shut down abruptly to prevent damage. The continuous strain on the GPU, especially during intense graphic tasks like gaming or rendering, can push temperatures beyond the safe limit, triggering these crashes.

Inadequate Power Supply

An often overlooked but crucial aspect is the power supply. A GPU requires a steady and adequate power source to function optimally. Insufficient or erratic power supply can strain the GPU, leading to instability and eventual crashes. Ensuring a reliable power supply, compatible with the GPU’s requirements, is pivotal in preventing these issues.

Outdated or Incompatible Drivers

The compatibility between the GPU and its drivers is vital. Outdated or incompatible drivers can cause conflicts, resulting in system instability and crashes. As new software versions are released, outdated drivers may struggle to keep up, leading to communication errors between the GPU and the system.

Hardware Issues

Sometimes, the root cause lies within the hardware itself. Faulty connections, damaged components, or manufacturing defects within the GPU or its related hardware can wreak havoc. These underlying hardware issues may not be immediately apparent but can lead to erratic behaviour and frequent crashes.

Why Does My GPU Keep Crashing? 11 Fixes

Monitoring and Controlling GPU Temperature

Software Tools: Utilize software like MSI Afterburner or HWMonitor to monitor GPU temperature. These tools display real-time temperature readings, allowing users to track and ensure temperatures remain within safe limits.

Proper Ventilation: Ensure the computer has adequate airflow. Clean dust regularly, especially from fans and vents, to prevent heat buildup. Consider additional cooling solutions like extra fans or cooling pads for laptops.

Updating GPU Drivers

Importance of Updates: Emphasize the significance of regular driver updates for optimal GPU performance and stability.

how to update gpu driver
Source: AMD

Update Process: Guide users to visit the GPU manufacturer’s website (NVIDIA, AMD, etc.) and navigate to the driver download section. Download the latest compatible driver for the specific GPU model and install it following the provided instructions.

Ensuring a Stable Power Supply

Check Power Cables: Ensure all power cables connecting the GPU are firmly and correctly plugged in. Loose connections can lead to power fluctuations and instability.

how to check power supply on pc

Suitable Power Source: Use a reliable power source that meets the GPU’s power requirements. Avoid using multiple adapters or extension cords, opting instead for a direct, stable power outlet.

Running Diagnostic Tests for Hardware Issues

Diagnostic Tools: Utilize software tools like GPU-Z or FurMark to run stress tests and diagnose potential hardware issues.

Identifying Problems: These tests stress the GPU, helping to identify overheating, artifacts, or other issues. If abnormalities are detected, consider consulting a professional or referring to the manufacturer’s support for further guidance.

Game settings change

Optimizing in-game settings can alleviate GPU strain and minimize crashes. Lowering graphics settings like texture quality, resolution, and shadow details reduces the GPU’s workload, curbing overheating and instability. Adjusting settings to a balanced level between performance and visual fidelity ensures smoother gameplay and diminishes the chances of crashes during intense gaming sessions.

Stop using overclocking

Disabling overclocking is crucial to prevent GPU crashes. Overclocking, while boosting performance, strains the GPU, elevating heat levels and potentially causing instability and crashes.

Reverting the GPU clock speeds and voltages to their default settings ensures stability, reduces overheating risks, and minimizes the chances of crashes during high-demand tasks, safeguarding the system’s integrity and performance.

Installing new GPU

Changing the GPU entails replacing the existing graphics card with a new one. Upgrading to a more capable GPU can enhance performance and resolve issues related to crashes, especially if the current GPU is outdated or faulty. Ensure compatibility with the system’s specifications, uninstall previous GPU drivers, power down the system, physically swap the GPUs, and install the new GPU drivers.

A suitable upgrade can alleviate crashes by providing better processing power and improved efficiency, enhancing overall system stability and graphical performance.

Clean the GPU

how to clean gpu fans

Regularly cleaning the GPU is vital. Dust accumulation can cause overheating, leading to crashes. Use compressed air or a soft brush to gently remove dust from the GPU’s components. This maintenance routine ensures proper airflow, preventing overheating issues that can disrupt system stability and cause crashes during intense usage.

Thermal paste issue

Issues with thermal paste on a GPU can lead to overheating and subsequent crashes. If the thermal paste is old or improperly applied, it can’t effectively transfer heat away from the GPU, causing it to overheat and potentially malfunction.

To resolve this:

Cleaning: Carefully remove the old thermal paste using isopropyl alcohol and a lint-free cloth.

Reapplication: Apply a pea-sized amount of high-quality thermal paste evenly onto the GPU’s surface.

Reassembly: Carefully reattach the cooling system and ensure it’s secured properly.

Addressing thermal paste issues can significantly improve heat dissipation, preventing overheating-related crashes and ensuring stable GPU performance.

Closing background applications

Closing unnecessary background applications can free up system resources, potentially improving overall performance and stability, including reducing the strain on the GPU and minimizing crashes during resource-intensive tasks.


Use Task Manager: Press Ctrl + Shift + Esc to open Task Manager. In the “Processes” tab, select and close unnecessary applications by right-clicking and choosing “End task.”

Startup Programs: Type “Startup apps” in the Windows search bar, then disable unwanted programs from starting up with your computer.


Activity Monitor: Open “Activity Monitor” from the Applications > Utilities folder. Locate and quit unnecessary processes or applications.

Startup Items: Go to System Preferences > Users & Groups > Login Items, then remove unwanted apps from the list.

Scan virus

Regular virus scans can help identify and eliminate malicious software that might be causing issues, including potential threats affecting the GPU’s stability and causing GPU crashes.


Use Windows Security: Type “Windows Security” in the search bar, open the app, and select “Virus & threat protection.” Choose “Quick scan” or “Full scan” to check for viruses.

Third-Party Antivirus: If you have third-party antivirus software installed, open it and initiate a full system scan.


Use Malwarebytes or other antivirus software: Install reputable antivirus software like Malwarebytes and perform a full system scan to detect and remove any potential threats.


When it comes to “why does my gpu keep crashing” things like overheating, power problems, old software, and hardware issues are usually to blame. But here’s the good news: we can stop these crashes before they happen! By cleaning our computer, keeping an eye on its temperature, and not pushing it too hard (like with overclocking), we can avoid a lot of problems. It’s also important to update our software and handle our computer parts carefully.

And don’t panic if something does go wrong! Experts are available to provide you assistance. By being careful and taking care of our computer, we can make sure it runs smoothly and doesn’t give us any trouble.


  1. Are there software tools available to check GPU health?

    Yes, various software tools like GPU-Z, HWMonitor, and MSI Afterburner allow users to monitor GPU health by checking temperatures, fan speeds, and other performance metrics.

  2. How long does a GPU last?

    A GPU’s lifespan varies based on usage and maintenance but typically lasts 4 to 6 years. Regular maintenance and avoiding extreme conditions can prolong its longevity.

  3. Does overclocking damage the GPU?

    Overclocking can potentially damage a GPU by increasing heat and strain on components. Prolonged or excessive overclocking without proper cooling and voltage can reduce its lifespan.

  4. can outdated drivers cause lag?

    Yes, outdated drivers can cause lag by hindering performance optimizations and compatibility with newer software, resulting in slower response times and reduced efficiency.

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